A criminal act is an act or omission that results in a violation or damage to another and constitutes a civil injustice for which the courts impose liability. With respect to unlawful acts, “violation” describes the infringement of a legal right, while “damage” describes a real loss or disadvantage suffered by a person.1 Violations of the law are not limited to physical injury and may include emotional, economic or reputational violations, as well as violations of privacy, property or constitutional rights. The cakes cover topics as varied as car accidents, improper detention, defamation, product liability, copyright infringement and pollution (toxic offenses). William M. Landes, Richard A. Posner and Steven Shavell have launched a line of research in the legal and economic literature that focuses on identifying the impact of tort law on people`s behavior.   These studies often use concepts developed in the field of game theory.  The person who commits the act is designated as the person responsible for the offences. Although offences may be unlawful acts, the ground for legal action in civil acts is not necessarily the result of acts of criminal law; the damage in the event of a civil act may be due to negligence which does not constitute criminal negligence. The victim of the damage may recover his loss in damages in the context of a dispute. In order to prevail, the applicant must, in the action, commonly classified as injured, prove that the acts or non-facts were the legally perceptible cause of the damage. The equivalent of an unlawful act in the civil courts is “deliict”.
After the Norman Conquest, fines were paid only to the courts or the king and quickly became a source of income. An injustice has been known as an unlawful act or home invasion, and there has been a separation between civil and Crown claims.  Small things (i.e. the new disseisin, the death of ancestor and the presence of darrein) were introduced in 1166 as remedies for interventions in land ownership. The trespass was an early civil proceeding in which damages were paid to the victim; if no payment was made, the accused was incarcerated. The complaint was filed in local courts for defamation, breach of contract or interference with the country, goods or people. Although the details of its exact origin are unclear, it became popular in royal farms, so that in the 1250s the act of intrusion was written and curriculum (available by right, not against payment); It was, however, limited to interventions in the country and violent violations of the king`s peace. It can be born either from the “call of crime”, or from the assizes of the Romandisseis, or replevin. Later, according to the Statute of Westminster in 1285, in the 1360s, the “trespassing” complaint arose in case the accused did not eliminate direct violence.
 When its scope became available, it simply became “measures in the case.” The English Judicature Act, passed from 1873 to 1875, abolished separate acts of trespassing and trespassing in this matter.  Perhaps more than any other legal field, criminal law is a reflection of American social values. Treaties are applied because they protect our expectation that our promises will be kept. Criminal law is the result of elected legislators who prohibit conduct which the Community considers to be offensive or immoral. On the other hand, the right to infringe is generally not the result of legislative debates or commission reports. Each case of infringement results from different factual situations and a jury of its peers is asked to decide whether or not the person responsible for the offence (the person committing the unlawful act) has violated a certain social norm. . . .